According to various sources, up to a third of people in Latvia have a bad credit history. These are the direct consequences of the economic crisis. Credit history is made up of several factors, the most important of which is credit repayment on time. As with any history, credit history cannot be completely repaired, but you can learn from past mistakes (or failures) and try to avoid similar ones in the future.
How to ruin your credit history?
The lender shall be obliged to report any outstanding liabilities within 5 working days if the payment is overdue by more than 60 days and the amount exceeds EUR 150. Once the borrower has remedied the delay, the lender shall notify the Credit Register, the official indebtedness database of Latvia, within five business days. Information on new credit is posted to the registry within five days, while credit information is updated quarterly.
Note that overdue charges also include fines, so a loan of less than $ 100 can turn into a loan that damages your credit history by charging interest. Liabilities that may be recorded in the Credit Register include, for example, utility bills, rent, internet and telephone charges, etc. This means that your credit history literally starts with the first bill you are issued.
What should I do if my credit history is damaged?
In credit bureaus, the debt history is kept for 5 years if the loan is paid off and 10 years if the loan is not paid. This means that if you have trouble repaying your loan, you may have trouble getting another loan for the next five years, or the next ten if you have opted or are forced to not pay it back.
Where to get a loan with a bad credit history?
While banks are clearly quite uninterested in working with people who have had problems in getting a loan in the past, other lenders – quick lenders, pawnshops – may choose to “turn a blind eye” to your bad credit history. Both banks and non-bank lenders may consider you a risk group, either by giving you loans at a lower interest rate or by requiring a collateral. Unfortunately, that is the price if you have not been able to repay your loans in the past.
Can a good credit history be improved?
Yes – that which is good can always be made better. These are the credit obligations that you have successfully fulfilled. For example, borrowing and successfully leasing a product or successfully borrowing and repaying a consumer loan will appear in your credit history and may increase the lender’s confidence in you (but may not mean anything at all). Credit register information is kept for 15 years in the Credit Register.
How to Build a Good Credit History?
Quite simply, cover your obligations on time. This can be done by borrowing responsibly – for example, Swedbank advises against borrowing if the loan is more than 30% of your monthly income. Note that while credit history is considered to be the data recorded in the Credit Register, there are other private credit registers, and banks, when issuing loans, review a bank account statement from the last 6 to 12 months, such as a quick lender for your payment, your credit history (or rather financial wisdom) may not be as good.